Assessing Measles Transmission in the United States Following a Large Outbreak in California

Publish Date: 
Thu, 05/07/2015 - 16:09

Just out in Plos Currents Outbreaks, today.

Blumberg S, Worden L, Enanoria W, Ackley S, Deiner M, Liu F, Gao D, Lietman T, Porco T. Assessing Measles Transmission in the United States Following a Large Outbreak in California. PLOS Currents Outbreaks. 2015 May 7. Edition 1. doi: 10.1371/currents.outbreaks.b497624d7043b1aecfbfd3dfda3e344a.

The recent increase in measles cases in California may raise questions regarding the continuing success of measles control. To determine whether the dynamics of measles is qualitatively different in comparison to previous years, we assess whether the 2014-2015 measles outbreak associated with an Anaheim theme park is consistent with subcriticality by calculating maximum-likelihood estimates for the effective reproduction numbe given this year’s outbreak, using the Galton-Watson branching process model. We find that the dynamics after the initial transmission event are consistent with prior transmission, but does not exclude the possibilty that the effective reproduction number has increased.

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